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Olive tree has been always considered the symbol of the Mediterranean culture, the tree-type which corresponds quite well with this climate. Indeed, northern and western limits of olive growing define the “Mediterranean region” from a phytogeographic point of view. In this macro-region, over one thousand cultivar are present in different Countries. About 500 of them grow in Italy, which reaches its maximum olive tree population in Apulia, with over 5 million trees. An official list of olive tree varieties cultivated in the region does not exist, but official sources show 57 olive tree varieties: some of them are now considered as autochthonous, while others have recently been introduced from different Italian and European olive-growing areas. This rich heritage, distributed along the entire region, has a great landscape and economic value: from Gargano to Salento, you can admire veritable natural monuments, as millenary twisted and knotty trunks which defy time. The Olea europea has very ancient origins: indeed, fossil traces of native olive trees date back to millions of years ago, before man’s appearance on earth. In Apulia, the ideal climate enhances its marked characteristics: longevity, frugality, with its bouquet of unique, amazing flavours and tastes. A list of the most widespread cultivar in the region is reported below. .

1) INDIGENOUS OIL CULTIVARS | read all >>

2) NON INDIGENOUS OIL CULTIVARS | read all >>

3) MOST WIDESPREAD DOUBLE PURPOSE CULTIVARS IN PUGLIA | read all >>

4) INDIGENOUS TABLE CULTIVARS | read all >>